The Early Invention of Sewing Machines

| May 20, 2015

The History of the Sewing Machine can be dated back to London sometime in 1755, by 1790 it was an English developer Thomas Saint who was the first to patent a design for the sewing machine, although its use was meant for leather and canvas only. It is likely that Saint had a working model but there was no proof of one. By 1874 a sewing device maker, William Newton Wilson, found Saint’s drawings and with a couple of modifications constructed a working device.

Early Singer Sewing Machine

Early Singer Sewing Machine

Design and Advancement

The Austrian tailor called Josef Madersperger started building the very first sewing device in 1807, by working on the design and development, he had the ability to produce the first working machine by 1814.

In 1830 Barthelemy Thimonnier, who was a French tailor created a patent his sewing machine that sewed straight seams utilizing a chain stitch, and by 1841, he had a manufacturing facility of which produced uniforms for the French Army, nevertheless the manufacturing plant was destroyed by rioting  tailors afraid of losing their source of income, after this he had no more success with his machine.

Curved Needle

The first American locksmith sewing machine was devised by Walter Hunt in 1832, his machine utilized a sharp pointed needle through which fed the upper thread along with a falling shuttle which was for holding the thread on the bottom part. The curved needle would work by moving through the textile horizontally, leaving the loop as it withdrew.

The shuttle went through the loop picking up the thread, however the stitches were of a poor standard and this required the machine to be stopped frequently and reset. Hunt at some point lost interest in his equipment and sold it without a patent.

Rotary Sewing Machine

Trained as an engineer, Isaac Merritt Singer saw a rotary sewing device, which he thought was clumsy, and he set out to create a better one. His machine made use of a falling shuttle mechanism instead of the more well known rotary one, his design was that the needle would then be mounted vertically and also included a presser foot which was used to then hold the cloth in its place.

It had a fixed arm to hold the needle and consisted of a standard stress system. He was given an American patent in 1851, and this begun the roots of the sewing company Singer. It was suggested he patent the foot pedal or treadle, which were used to power some of his devices, however it had actually been in use for too long, for a patent to be released.

4 Motion Feed

At the same time Allen B. Wilson had actually developed a shuttle that shook in a short arc, which was an improvement over Singer sewing devices. Nonetheless, John Bradshaw had patented a comparable device, so Wilson chose to attempt a new method, he entered into business partnership with Nathaniel Wheeler to create a new sewing machine with a rotary hook instead of a shuttle.

This new sewing machine was a lot quieter and smoother than the other approaches, therefore the Wheeler and Wilson Business started production on more devices in the 1850s and 1860s than any other maker. Wilson also created the four movement feed mechanism, this is still in use on every device today. This had a forward, down, back, and up movement, which drew the cloth through in an even and smooth movement.

Jones Sewing Machines

William Jones formed a partnership with Thomas Chadwick in 1860 and started making sewing devices. As Chadwick and Jones they made sewing machines at Ashton under Lyne till 1863. Their devices utilized designs from Howe and Wilson which were produced under licence. William Jones opened a manufacturing facility in Manchester in 1869, making sewing machines and by 1893 his manufacturing facility was the largest in England, the company was renamed the Jones Sewing Machine Co. Ltd, nonetheless in 1968 the business was acquired by Brother Industries.

Clothing Manufacturers

Clothing makers were the first sewing machine customers, and utilized them to produce the first ready to wear clothes and shoes. In the 1860s, customers began buying sewing machines, and these ranged in cost in Britain, but it was the middle class homes who would have a sewing device in their house and the devices were utilized to make and fix clothes for their families.



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